Pinhole procedure is a scalpel-free, suture free, graft free, minimally invasive procedure for correcting gum recession and saving teeth. Through a small hole made by a needle, specially designed instruments are used to gently loosen the gum tissue and glide it over the receded part of the tooth. Since there is no cutting or stitching, patients can expect minimal post-operative symptoms (pain, swelling and bleeding). Patients are pleasantly surprised by the instant cosmetic improvement . Most patients are able to resume light normal activities within 24- 48 hours after treatment. (excluding working out and strenuous activities):
What is gum recession: Gum recession is the process in which the margin of the gum tissue that protects the teeth wears away, or pulls back exposing more of the tooth root. When gum recession occurs, “pockets”, or gaps form between the teeth and gum line, therefore, making it easy for disease causing bacteria to build up and destroy teeth.
Why do gums recede?
- Aggressive tooth Brushing: Brushing teeth and gums too hard can cause gum recession.
- Periodontal diseases: These are bacterial gum infections that destroy gum tissue and the supporting bone that holds teeth in place.
- Braces: Braces move the teeth into place, but often times not the gums. So the dentin in the teeth are become more exposed.
- Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in female hormone levels during a woman’s lifetime such as in puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can make gums more sensitive and more vulnerable to gum recession.
- Grinding and clenching teeth: Clenching or grinding teeth can put too much force on the teeth, causing gums to recede.
- Crooked teeth or misaligned bite: When teeth do not come together evenly, excessive force and be placed on the gums and bone, allowing gums to recede.
- Body piercing of the lip or tongue: Jewelry can rub the gums and cause irritation to the point that gum tissue is worn away.